Recent changes in Brazil’s policies have affected all areas of infrastructure, including transportation, communication, and sanitation systems, as well as the aeronautical and petrochemical industries. Systems expert Filipe Montoro Jens weighs in to explain what these changes represent, and why they have occurred.
The country of Brazil has a history of using state run industries to provide the people with many daily needs, from communications to sanitation. In the 1930s, the country underwent a modernization process due to the current government structure. From the 1930s to 1980 the country saw expansive growth of all infrastructure systems through government run businesses. In 1980, this changed. Filipe Montoro Jens says that this change was due to an “external debt crisis” which the country had to contend with. In order to complete economic reform and survive the financial crisis, the government entered into a privatization phase. During this phase, many government enterprises were auctioned off and transitioned into private enterprises.
The telecommunications industry was one of the first to completely move through this change. Filipe Montoro Jens, who has researched this topic thoroughly, explains that in order to hand off the industry in this manner the government had to be sure to split up the holdings so that not just one privately owned company had a monopoly on telecommunications. In 1997 and 1998, almost ten years after the National Privatization Program went into place, the telecommunications program was officially handed over to private companies. The country passed a law which said that they were not responsible for providing telecommunications services for the people of the country, but rather responsible only for regulating the companies which do so. This was a big shift in responsibility, and the first of many to come.
Filipe Montoro Jens is a business man and infrastructure specialist. He received his masters from the Thunderbird School of Global Management, and has studied systems and country-wide infrastructure extensively.
Through his unique lens Filipe Montoro Jens is able to shed light onto the Brazilian infrastructure shifts which are occurring as privatization occurs. Filipe Montoro Jens writes on the subject of government systems and business, and the ways these two concepts intersect.
Find out more about Felipe Montoro: http://www.saguarostudios.com/the-uniqueness-of-felipe-montoro-jens/